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The 4 Most Popular Types of Champagne : A Detailed Guide


The history and production of champagne

Champagne is a festive form of bubbly alcoholic drink, produced in the Champagne region of France and made from grapes, yeast and sugar. It has been produced since the 17th century, when English scientist Christopher Merret discovered that adding sugar to wine made it fizzy. Since then, champagne has become an iconic symbol of luxury and celebration, enjoyed on special occasions around the world.

Presentation of the 4 most popular types of champagne

The four main types of champagne are classified according to their degree of sweetness - from dry (brut) to sweet (demi-sec) - but also differ in terms of color and complexity.

Here is a brief overview :

  • Brut - dry and crisp, with medium body; usually light yellow in color
  • Extra Brut - extra dry; light and lively with high acidity; usually pale yellow or golden in color
  • Demi-sec - semi-sweet with a full body; usually golden yellow in color
  • Rosé - semi-sweet with notes of red fruits; pink/copper color

Detailed description of each type of wine

The Brut

It is one of the most sought after types of champagne due to its balanced taste profile, offering both freshness and richness without being overly acidic or sweet. It generally contains less residual sugar than other types of champagne (less than 12 grams per litre), giving it a distinct dry finish that pairs well with rich dishes like caviar or foie gras. It is perfect for any celebration, but is particularly suitable as an aperitif before dinner or as a celebratory drink at weddings or birthdays.

The Extra-brut

It is similar to brut in terms of level of dryness but offers more intense flavors with higher levels of acidity. This type of wine contains less than 6 grams of residual sugars per litre, making it even drier than brut - making it ideal for those who prefer a livelier taste. Its unique flavor makes it an ideal wine to serve with smoked salmon or oysters as an aperitif before dinner.


It's slightly sweeter than brut/extra-brut due to its 12-35 grams of residual sugars per litre, but still offers enough freshness to be pleasing to the palate. Its fuller body gives it greater aromatic intensity, while its sweetness goes perfectly with desserts such as crème brûlée or tarte tatin. Also, it's a great choice for cocktails because of its versatility to showcase different flavors without overpowering them.

The pink

It's often considered the "fun" version of champagne due to its rosy/coppery color that can add flair to any celebration! Unlike other types of wine that depend on aging processes to gain complexity, rosé acquires its flavor profile by incorporating red varietals into the blend - resulting in smoother flavors with subtle notes of red berries like raspberry or strawberry. The rosé is therefore perfect to be enjoyed slowly during a brunch with friends or during summer evenings in bars or restaurants.

Tips for choosing the right type of champagne

When choosing between different types of champagne for your event, there are a few key points to consider: First, what type of food are you planning to serve? If you have a steak tartare followed by a crème brûlée, demi sec champagne will be the most appropriate. Likewise, if you plan to serve sushi, an extra raw will be most appropriate.

Also, you should consider the personal preferences of your guests: some prefer sweeter champagnes, while others like very dry drinks. Finally, don't forget that champagne should be consumed responsibly!

The type of champagne

Whatever type of champagne you choose, it will always make every occasion special! Whether you prefer dry bruts that pair well with seafood dishes or light rosés that are perfect for summer evenings outdoors, there is something for every palate. However, remember that excessive alcohol consumption can have serious consequences, so enjoy it responsibly! With these tips in mind, find inspiration from these four classic types and make sure your celebrations are truly memorable!